atatürk’s foreign policy »

HAGIA SOPHIA CONTROVERSY: THE CHANGING STATUS OF THE HISTORICAL SANCTUARY

HAGIA SOPHIA CONTROVERSY: THE CHANGING STATUS OF THE HISTORICAL SANCTUARY

upa-admin Temmuz 18, 2020 2

Introduction After a court decision that made the 1934 Presidential decree made by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk void, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan announced that Istanbul’s famous and historical sanctuary and museum Ayasofya (Hagia Sophia)[1]

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THE TURKISH FOREIGN POLICY IN JUSTICE AND DEVELOPMENT PARTY ERA AND THE “AXIS SHIFT” DEBATE

THE TURKISH FOREIGN POLICY IN JUSTICE AND DEVELOPMENT PARTY ERA AND THE “AXIS SHIFT” DEBATE

upa-admin Temmuz 4, 2012 1

Abstract: Turkish foreign policy has gone through important changes since its establishment due to changing internal and international conditions. Even though its major orientation remained the same as well as its basic principles, the

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